The Development Model of Street Girls Empowerment in Surabaya

Raden Roro Nanik Setyowati, M.A Ali Imron

Abstract


Street children do not have a solid mental emotional yet, but they have to deal with a tough street world, competitive, and tends to affect negatively to the development of their personality. The presence of the street children on the streets are not only motivated by economic factor, but also influenced by the disharmony in the role and functions of the family and the influence of the social environment. The empowerment of street children that has been done by the shelter was not yet carried out effectively. This study aims to identify problems that are experienced by street girls, to describe efforts to overcome the problems experienced by street girls, and to develop a model of empowerment for street girl in Surabaya who do not occupy a shelter. This study used a qualitative method, where data is collected through participation observation and in-depth interviews. The data were analyzed using qualitative analysis model of Miles and Huberman. The problems of street children were often experienced by girls, such as violence. Then, the problems led to survival mechanisms. In addition, the emerging imitation behavior as a response to the behavior that directed to them. The parents also play a role in the process of social control. The empowerment model that designed is the empowerment of education through the revitalization of the family. Additionally, creating access to formal education for the street girl through scholarships mechanism. Life skills education needs to be strengthened to improve the welfare of living.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2016.v7n1p562


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This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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