Impact of Exclusion of Poor Communities on Social Development: A Study of District Lodhran in Southern Punjab (Pakistan)

Muhammad Shabbir Ch, Uzma Niaz, Kamran Ishfaq, Safdar Hussain, Shazia Naseem


This study describes the impact of exclusion of poor communities on social development in district Lodhran, Pakistan. The study circulates around the involvement of poor communities of district Lodhran, particularly BISP beneficiaries and function of responsible major stakeholders of social development, generally; service provision of local government departments, political leader’s engagement with community and efforts made by Social Development Organizations (SDOs)/Non-Governmental Organization (NGO). The Major focus of the study is to identify the relationship between exclusion of poor people and social development by analyzing prevailing level of poverty, social integration and relationships, health and education, governance, gender discrimination and organizational gap. The results of this suggested that if prevailing conditions of poverty, governance, social integration, gender discrimination would be improved and involvement of government agencies and community development organizations is increased then exclusion of poor people would be reduced which will improve the social development automatically in district Lodhran. Consequently there is an immense need to ensure inclusion of poor community members in the process of social development in district Lodhran on urgent basis.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2016.v7n1s1p369

Full Text: PDF

Licenza Creative Commons
This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

Copyright © MCSER-Mediterranean Center of Social and Educational Research

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders..