Family Cohesion and the Efficacy of Employees in the Working Environment

Ibrahim Neziri, Ibadete Kamberi


The purpose of this study is to reveal the relationship between the efficacy of employees in the work environment and the
cohesion in their families. Efficacy in the work environment is about the confidence and readiness of a person to successfully
perform a certain task, focusing on the belief of a person to organize, operate and manage future situations. Family cohesion is
conceived as emotional connection that family members have with each other and an expression of affiliation within the family.
In this study, 150 employees of public institutions in Macedonia took part; the average age is 38,93. One-Way Anova was
applied to determine the difference of the efficacy scale based on the type of family by cohesion. It showed a valuable
difference between the types of disengaged, separated, connected and very connected families in the scale of employees’
efficacy in the work environment. The linear regression shows that the employees’ efficacy at work can be explained by their
cohesion in the family as a predictor. Based on gender, females report higher levels of cohesion while the age and the
experience of the employees as moderating variables do not have a statistically significant effect on the relationship of the

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2016.v7n2p427

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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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