Evaluation of Factors Influential on Increased Social Participation in Unofficial Residences in Big Cities (Case Study: City of Tabriz)

Samad Shahnahad, Habibollah Zanjani

Abstract


For their development, cities need multilateral participation of citizens and those profiting from city facilities. Since emigrants reside in unofficial residential sites, due to lack of formal recognition in the city domain, they are not considered as citizens and providing them with facilities is a difficult task. Identification of factors effective on their level of participation can be tremendously helpful in city development and organization and enablement of unofficial residential sites. Informal housing is a well known matter as a problem in cities and has numerous negative consequences such as economic, cultural, security, environmental and corporal issues for cities and as a result, emigrants and city officials encounter significant difficulties and large expenses. The purpose of this research is identification of factors influential on the level of social participation of emigrants residing in unofficial residential sites in big cities. The mentioned phenomenon is mostly observed in developing countries. By virtue of this matter, the city of Tabriz which is one of the big cities in Iran and near 25 percent of its population live in unofficial residential sites was selected as sample. Results show that identification of participation enhancing factors and factors influential on participation will tremendously help in accompanying people in various social problems.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2016.v7n2s2p215


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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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