A Critical Review of Some Contemporary Existentialists in the Issue of Relationship between Religion and Science

Ali Almasi, Seyyed Mohammad Musavi Moqaddam, Shima Mahmudpur Qamsar

Abstract


In the issue of relationship between religion and science, there are some different approaches that –according to the view of Ian Barbour- include: 1.conflict, 2. Independence, 3. Integration, and 4. Dialogue. Also the approach of independence contains some points of views such as the view of Galileo, Kant and Wittgenstein. In this regard, we can count the view of existentialists -who believe in distinguish of the method and goal of religion and science, as one of the views of independence. In current study, we are trying to introduce the view of three main theist existentialists about their vantage point in the relationship between religion and science and also to explain what is the mechanism that they reach to the distinction in the method and goal of religion and science? In that case, here are mentioned Soren Kierkegaard, Martin Buber and Rudolf Bultmann. But this is not the end of the story and finally there will be present some criticisms about their view. Also it is mentionable that one of the advantages of these critiques is relates to the combination of Muslim philosophers and the westerns.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2016.v7n3s1p516


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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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