Comparative Study of Identity Crisis in Students based on Age, Sex, and Level of Education

Simin Gholamrezaei

Abstract


Identity crisis means uncertainty and ambiguity in a person’s definition of self and his or her being, and it prevents him or her to have an integrated character. This research aims to study the identity crisis in students comparatively based on age, sex, and level of education. The study is descriptive and correlation type. The statistical population includes all students of Lorestan University in educational year of 2014-2015. 196 students (100 men and 96 women) were selected as sample. The research tool was the scale of Ahmadi Personal Identity Questionnaire (1996). This scale measures 10 factors through 10 items. ANOVA test and Tukey’s post-hoc test were used to measure identity crisis of students of both sexes, and Pearson Correlation test was used for studying the correlation between identity crisis and age. The results showed that there is a significant difference in identity crisis among students of bachelor, master, and Ph.D levels (p < 0.01 and F-30.940). The averages of identity crisis were 7.026 in men and 10.01 in women. This difference was significant. Moreover, there was a significant negative relationship between age and identity crisis (p < 0.01) so that in this study, identity crisis decreased by increasing the age. These findings was consistent to some researches and inconsistent to some others. The inconsistency can be due to the difference between environments of participants in different societies. The results showed that factors like age, level of education, and sex could influence on people’s identity crisis.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2016.v7n3s3p202


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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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