The Comparison of the Position of Human Rights in Liberalism Theory and English School of International Relations

Hojat Garaee, Jahanbakhsh Moradi


Distress of human rights expansion entered the era of international relations and foreign policy of countries as a debate in international dimensions after World War II. Global declaration of human rights and all mechanisms of United Nations practically highlighted the globalization of human rights. After cold war and the emergence of new international system, many capabilities generated for international cooperation in the field of expansion of human rights idea. In addition, foreign policy of countries dealt with this matter. In this direction, Liberalism and English school are very important. English school believes that international societies of governments are not immoral units and are represented by individuals that inevitably have moral stance. International society based on moral principles. These principles to pluralist branch of school include a kind of minor morals i.e. in the form of agreement among governments regarding principles that provide the possibility of coexistence and cooperation in the direction of common interests. These principles to solidarity-oriented branch include rich ethics i.e. universal moral principles such as supporting human rights. In contrast, Liberalism theories believe according to this fact that society should lack external pressure and obligation, they clearly remind a unique position in human rights. They try to normalize realist world and develop human rights at international level for example, humanism intrusion largely implies international liberal though against governments sovereignty and the establishment of liberal order in the world.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2016.v7n3s3p371

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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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