Gender Bias within Indonesian History in Class XI: Inauguration of Androcentric History through Discourse and Power Games

Luh Putu Sendratari, I Ketut Margi

Abstract


The study based on the criticism of historians on the Indonesian history that dominated by a picture of great people in historical stage, while the picture of the little people (including women) in marginal position. This research was conducted to find the root causes of gender bias in the Indonesian history, particularly in Class XI; what form of gender bias appears in the Indonesian history in class XI. The theory used was gender theory, the discourse and power theory. The method are qualitative method with critical analysis. The results showed that: background of gender bias derived from cultural factors, political climate of learning, the curriculum, the textbooks, as well as the marginalization of the history lesson. Gender bias in the Indonesian history in Class XI appeared in the form of discourse and images. Based on the findings, there should be dissemination and preparation of history module about sensitive gender.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2016.v7n4p428


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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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