Counterproductive Behaviors in State Hospitals: A Review of the Role of Organizational Cynicism and Injustice
Researchers have shown that organizational civic and citizenship behaviors are being declined while hostile and counterproductive behaviors and interactions are getting increased. Counterproductive behaviors include a wide range of behaviors like impoliteness, being carefree, theft and aggressive behaviors. The fact is that counterproductive behaviors, in employees’ organizational life, are increasingly on the rise. However, counterproductive behaviors and interactions at workplace are troublesome because those who commit counterproductive behaviors constantly interact with their target individuals and, subsequently, cause a great deal of negative interactions in the organization. The purpose of current study was to investigate the effect of organizational cynicism and injustice on counterproductive behaviors of personnel in state hospitals. The present study was an applied and descriptive-survey research. Confirmatory Factor Analysis Model and Lisrel 8.5 have been used for hypotheses testing and achieving the results. The results of the present study showed that the increase of employees’ organizational cynicism brings about their counterproductive behaviors in state hospitals. The rise of organizational injustice increases employees’ counterproductive behaviors. Besides, the increase of organizational injustice rises employees’ organizational cynicism in state hospitals.
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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)
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