Tradition of "Pasang Ri-Kajang" in the Forests Managing in System Mores of "Ammatoa" at District Bulukumba South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Erman Syarif, Ach. Fatchan, . Sumarmi, Komang Astina

Abstract


Pasang Ri-Kajang is part of the culture in customs Ammtaoa in Bulukumba, South Sulawesi. Customs that contains the ethics and norms related to forest management. The purpose of this study are: (1) describe the forms of customs Ammatoa manage forests in Pasang Ri-Kajang tradition, and (2) describe the patterns of action to preserve forests in the customs Ammatoa. This study used a qualitative approach with a knife phenomenological analysis. Locations of research in Bulukumba and research subjects are people and community leaders perpetrators forest conservation. The data collection is done by observation, depth-interview and documentation. To control the validity of the data using the technique of triangulation, member check and audit trail. The results of the research showed: (1) people believe taking care of forests is an obligation. This was in line with the tradition of Pasang Ri-Kajang. Where the forest is an area that is holy, sacred, and have supernatural powers; (2) The action of society treats forests as: borong karamaka (sacred forests or protected forests), borong batasayya (limited production) and borong luarayya (community forests). The pattern of such acts are influenced by their kasipalli (prohibition destroying forests), especially sacred forests. If there is a violation, then sanctioned and banned from indigenous Ammatoa. As a result of the application of the tradition and the rules consistently, then the forest in Bulukumba be stable until now.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2016.v7n6p325


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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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