Association of Classroom Environment with Academic Achievement of Secondary School Girls in Pakistan
The purpose of the study was to find out the association of classroom environment with the academic achievement of secondary school girls in Pakistan. The population of the study was 1104 Secondary School Teachers SSTs / Trained Graduate Teachers TGTs (Female), 5628 secondary school girls in 64 Federal Government Girls Secondary Schools. Multistage sampling was used in the present research. Three categories of schools (Large, Medium, Small) were constructed for research purpose on the basis of the number of students who appeared in SSC-I annual examination 2014 by a federal board of intermediate and secondary education Islamabad. The objectives of the study were to find out the nature of the classroom environment at girls secondary schools and to identify the association of classroom environment with the academic achievement of girls at secondary school level. Two hypotheses were formulated and tested with the help of statistical tests to achieve the objectives of the study. The study was descriptive in nature and survey technique was used to collect data from respondents. Data were collected on various aspects of the classroom environment, including temperature, furniture and fixture, arrangement of furniture, air, light, writing board facilities. The tool consisting of fourteen statements on classroom environment was getting validated from four experts to determine content validity. Reliability of the research instrument was determined by using Cronbach Alpha based which was. 855. The analysis of the collected data was carried out by using two non parametric statistical tests, i.e. (i) Chi Square test, (ii) Mann Whitney U test. There was a positive association between the classroom environment and academic achievement of girls at secondary school level.
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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)
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